James Whelan (2002). The significance attached to the expressions ‘education’ and ‘activism’ by distinct communities of practice amplifies their difference and separation. Environmental activists tend to refer to their media releases, lobbying, rallies and petitions as campaign tactics, not education. Although environmental educators promote awareness, commitment and action and are motivated by similar concerns, their actions may be perceived by activists to be inadequate and apolitical strategies for change. By bridging this divide, educators and activists may enhance their social change efforts and outcomes. Keynote, International Education and Social Action Conference.